As a huge fan of Stuff You Should Know podcasts, I highly recommend playing "How the Electoral College Works" episode when explaining the electoral college. Chuck and Josh explain the history, pros and cons of the electoral college in a language we can all understand.
- When exactly is election day?
- Let's say you are voting for Barack Obama. When you cast your vote are you directly voting for him? Explain.
- When exactly do electors certify their votes?
- What is a "faithless elector"?
- What are the requirements to be an elector?
I also recommend watching this TED-ed episode "Does your vote count? The electoral college explained". Here are some guiding questions to go with this video:
- How many electors are there?
- How many electoral votes does a presidential candidate need to win?
- What determines how many electors each state gets?
- Does the candidate who wins the popular vote always win the election? Explain.
- What are "safe states"?
- What are "swing states"?