Before you begin the flow chart activity, start with the power point on the Mongolian Invasion (see resource "Mongols Invade Japan"). Give students a visual representation of the story and provide context. Then handout the summary (below) and instruct them on how you would like them to complete the flow chart activity.
Kublai Khan Invades Japan
KUBLAI KHAN: About 70 years after the death of Yoritomo, Japan’s first Shogun, the strength and courage of the samurai warriors was tested. Kublai Khan, the cruel and powerful foreign leader in China (Yuan Dynasty) looked upon Japan as an unconquered prize. Stories of the cruel Khan’s destruction of entire villages and his killing of women and children spread throughout Asia. Kublai Khan wanted Japan so he sent word to Japan’s leaders that they were to surrender to him at once or face his wrath!
INVASION PLANS: The military leaders of Japan were not scared and they sent a message back to Khan with their answer- they would NEVER surrender. This message got Kublai Khan mad and he quickly put together an invasion force that would totally crush the tiny archipelago.
FIRST ATTEMPT: Brave samurai, well-trained and eager to fight, met the huge Mongol fleet on the island of Kyushu. The samurai’s skill and bravery confused the Mongol’s plans of attack and forced them to retreat to their ships after a day of fighting. The next day, a mighty storm came up from nowhere and totally destroyed the enemy ships.
SECOND ATTEMPT: When Khan found out his fleet was crushed he was furious. He again sent messages to Japan telling them to surrender to him or face a fate worse than death. Japan answered this time by killing the messengers- they would NEVER surrender. Khan built up an army that was even bigger than the first and sent them to destroy Japan. The samurai were ready for a fight. The samurai at night would quietly swim to the Mongol’s ships at night. Then they would cut off the heads of the ship’s crew members- leaving the ships with no one on board.
A HELPFUL STORM: There were weeks of furious fighting in which the Mongol forces could not conquer Japan. Then one day, strong winds began to blow. A dangerous storm was coming, and the Mongol army feared that their ships might be driven against the shore. The Mongols headed back to their ships but could not make it out to sea in time. Their ships were destroyed yet again by these winds. Those that did not drown were chopped up into fish food by the samurai.
DIVINE WINDS: Thanks to the tremendous storm and the bravery of the samurai, Japan remained untouched by the dreaded Khan. The Japanese were certain that the winds of the great storm had been sent by the gods to help them defend their sacred land. They called the wind “kamikaze” or “divine wind”. Khan’s great army was crushed and he never bothered Japan again. Until the American Occupation of Japan following WWII, this was the closest Japan had ever been to being conquered by another country.
- Highlight the MOST IMPORTANT sentence of each paragraph (therefore you should have 6 important sentences)- ______PTS
- Place each of those sentences in the Flow Chart- ______PTS
- Draw a picture depicting the scene ( I should be able to look at the picture and know what the story is about without even having to read your sentence) – ______PTS
- You must color your picture(s)- ______PTS
- Neat and Visually Appealing- ______PTS
Total Points Possible for This Assignment= ______PTS
DUE DATE ___________________
Alia Klein, "Kublai Khan Invades Japan Flow Chart Activity". September 2007. Lesson Plan.